Review of Security Developments in Afghanistan Over Past Year

Daesh has claimed responsibility for most of the past year’s attacks in Afghanistan.

Although ensuring security in Afghanistan is considered one of the Islamic Emirate’s accomplishments over the past year, following August 15th, 2021, various provinces in the country had security incidents.

One of the largest security events of the year was the American airstrike in Kabul, along with attacks on mosques, explosive events, and other incidents.

“The security situation over the past year has really been better than prior years. However, this situation is not completely guaranteed,” said Hekmatullah Hekmat, military expert.

These are the deadly incidents from the previous year:

At least 180 people were killed and over 200 others were injured in the incident that took place at Kabul Airport on August 26, 2021, while American soldiers were still stationed there.

Over 50 people were killed and at least 150 injured in the attack that targeted a Shia mosque in Kunduz province on October 8, 2021.

The attack on the Sardar Mohammad Daoud Khan National Military Hospital on November 2, 2021, killed at least seven people and injured more than 25 others.

On October 15, 2021, a blast in Kandahar province targeted a mosque, leaving 32 people dead and 70 others injured.

On April 9, 2022, an explosion that targeted the Khalifa Sahib Mosque in Kabul left more than 10 people dead and more than 25 others wounded.

According to a UNAMA report, at least 700 people died, and 1406 others were injured in Afghanistan during the 10 months the Islamic Emirate was in power.

Daesh has claimed responsibility for most of the past year’s attacks in Afghanistan.

One of the major events of the past year was the house-to-house search operations in Afghanistan, which the Islamic Emirate soldiers began on February 25, 2022, in Kabul and continued in all 34 provinces of the country.

Talking at a press conference in Kabul, Islamic Emirate spokesman Zabiullah Mujahid said house clearings were intended to catch criminals, some of whom were released from prison during the change of government.

According to Mujahid, women were among the Islamic Emirate forces searching homes, and only “suspected areas” were searched.

“Nine kidnappers, six affiliated with Daesh, and 53 robbers were detained,” Mujahid said.

On March 5, 2022, Sarajuddin Haqqani, the acting Interior Minister, made his first appearance on TV screens. America had set aside $10 million for his discovery and detention.

One of the most notable events of the past year in Afghanistan was the US drone strike that occurred on July 31, 2022, in the Sharpoor area of Kabul.

Two days after the attack, US President Joe Biden declared that America has killed Al-Qaida leader Ayman al-Zawahiri in the Kabul strike.

In his speech, Biden said that Ayman al-Zawahiri was killed in an American drone strike in Kabul.

“On Saturday at my direction, the United States successfully concluded an airstrike in Kabul, Afghanistan, that killed the emir of al-Qaida, Ayman al Zawahiri. You know, Zawahiri was bin Laden’s leader. He was with him all that whole time. He was his number two man, his deputy at the time of terrorist attack 9/11. He was deeply involved in the planning of 9/11. One of the most responsible for the attacks and murdered 2,977 people on American soil,” Biden said.

Although the Islamic Emirate acknowledged that a US drone had targeted a home in Kabul’s Sherpoor area, it has not yet confirmed or denied US claims that Ayman al-Zawahiri was killed.

Following the US drone strike in Kabul, the Islamic Emirate and US has accused each other of violating the Doha agreement.

Abdul Salam Hanafi, the 2nd Deputy Prime Minister of the Islamic Emirate, said that the US drone attack in Kabul violates both national sovereignty and the Doha Agreement and that Afghan territory will not be used against any country.

“These issues are still unclear to us, the only thing we know for sure is that a drone attack has taken place, which is against international law and the Doha Agreement. The Islamic Emirate’s policy, which has been repeatedly stated to the people, is that our soil is not used against our neighbors,” said Abdul Salam Hanafi, the 2nd deputy of PM.

Review of Security Developments in Afghanistan Over Past Year